Is it possible to achieve a global agreement to protect the Amazon?

The short answer is yes, it is possible to reach a global agreement to protect the Amazon. However, the long answer is that it won't be easy, and we are going to explain the main reasons.

The Amazon is a region shared by nine countries: Brazil, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana. Each of these countries has its own priorities and challenges, making it difficult to reach an agreement that is acceptable to all.

One of the main threats to the Amazon is deforestation. Deforestation is caused by a series of factors, such as the expansion of agriculture, mining and livestock. To protect the Amazon, it is necessary to reduce deforestation. This will require a concerted effort by all countries in the region.

Another challenge to protecting the Amazon is the lack of financing. Rainforest protection is expensive. The countries of the region need financial help from the international community to be able to implement the necessary measures to protect the Amazon.

Despite the challenges, there are reasons to be optimistic about the possibility of reaching a global agreement to protect the Amazon. In recent years, there has been growing recognition of the importance of the rainforest to global climate and biodiversity. This has led to increased cooperation between countries in the region.

Some of the main obstacles to a global agreement are:

  • Deforestation. Deforestation is the main threat to the Amazon. It is estimated that the rainforest lost 18,7 million hectares between 2000 and 2020. Deforestation is caused by a variety of factors, including agriculture, livestock and mining.
  • Climate change problematic. Climate change is also a threat to the Amazon. Rising temperatures and decreasing rainfall are making the rainforest more vulnerable to drought and fires.
  • Poverty. Poverty is a contributing factor to deforestation and climate change. Local communities often depend on the rainforest for their livelihood, leading them to practice shifting cultivation and illegal logging.

In 2023, the countries of the Amazon Cooperation Treaty Organization (ACTO) held a summit to discuss the protection of the Amazon. At this summit, countries committed to reducing deforestation by 50% by 2030. However, this commitment has not yet been translated into concrete actions.

For the global agreement to protect the Amazon to be successful, it will be necessary for countries in the region to take concrete measures to reduce deforestation. It will also be necessary for countries around the world to support Amazon conservation efforts.

Some steps that can be taken to reach a global agreement to protect the Amazon:

  • The countries of the region must establish clear and ambitious goals for the protection of the Amazon. These goals must be specific, measurable, achievable, relevant and time-limited.
  • The countries of the region must develop and implement action plans to achieve their goals. These plans must be comprehensive and address all causes of deforestation.
  • Countries in the region must work together to promote international cooperation in the protection of the Amazon. This may include the participation of international organizations, donors and private companies.
  • Countries around the world must support Amazon conservation efforts. This can include funding conservation projects, consuming sustainable products, and raising awareness about the importance of the Amazon.

If countries in the region and the world take these measures, it will be possible to reach a global agreement to protect the Amazon. This agreement would be an important step to protect one of the most important ecosystems on the planet.