Green Hydrogen follows the logic of "destroy to progress"

Green hydrogen is distributed by international agencies, companies and countries in a process called "energy conversion", as the fuel of the future, an energy source for fuel exchange with existing fuel.

Germany plays a central role in this policy of expanding fuel production around the world, according to the investigation in the name of the climate, making an important map: energy transformation and rejection of nature by Luxembourg, Brazil Roses Fund implemented the Ciinis Fund and the Social Program for Development, Agriculture and social development, agriculture and society (CPDA) Federal Da Rio -zhanero (UFRJ).

According to one of the researchers participating in the study, Karin Piecis, the need for green hydrogen for the energy transition in Germany is estimated at 20 million tons, of which 10 million tons must be produced in the country and the rest imported.

Germany, as one of the main actors in setting the European Union (EU) agenda, is putting pressure on other members; Above all, the researcher warns, France, Italy, Spain and Portugal will allocate part of their resources to the development of this fuel.

In 2024 alone, the EU plans to invest 3,8 trillion euros in the green hydrogen industry. The goal is for hydrogen to represent “at least 5,7% of fuels in 2030, the year in which 50% of the industry should use it, and will increase to 70% in 2035” – Valenti said in the study.

For this reason, efforts are being made to sign agreements with countries with good fuel production conditions, that is, "developing countries rich in sun and wind."

According to the researcher, this plan mainly covers the South Caucasus, the countries of the Persian Gulf, Morocco and Namibia. In Latin America, Chile, Argentina, Colombia, Uruguay, Mexico and Brazil.

Green hydrogen production and Amazon deforestation

The production of green hydrogen is presented as a promising alternative for the decarbonization of the global economy. However, it is important to carefully consider the environmental implications of their production, especially in relation to the deforestation of the Amazon. This essay will explore the complex relationship between these two issues, highlighting the risks and opportunities that arise.

Risks of deforestation for the production of green hydrogen:

  • Expansion of agriculture and livestock: The demand for land for the production of electrolyzers and renewable energy (such as solar and wind) could drive deforestation for the expansion of agriculture and livestock. This in turn would release large amounts of CO2 stored in plant biomass, which contradicts the climate objectives of green hydrogen production.
  • Biodiversity loss: The deforestation of the Amazon, one of the most biodverse ecosystems on the planet, leads to the irreversible loss of plant and animal species. This not only affects the natural wealth of the planet, but also has a negative impact on the ecosystem services provided by the forest, such as climate regulation and air purification.
  • Social impact: Deforestation directly affects indigenous and traditional communities that depend on the forest for their survival. The loss of their lands and livelihoods can lead to social conflict and forced displacement.

Opportunities for sustainable production:

  • Careful planning and zoning: It is crucial to develop territorial development plans that identify areas suitable for the production of green hydrogen without affecting areas of high environmental or social value. Zoning can help protect sensitive areas and promote coexistence between energy production and environmental conservation.
  • Efficient production technologies: Developing more land-efficient green hydrogen production technologies can reduce the need for deforestation. Research and innovation in this field are essential to minimize the environmental impact of green hydrogen production.
  • Incorporation of local communities: It is essential to involve local communities in the planning and development process of green hydrogen projects. Their knowledge and experience are invaluable in ensuring that production is sustainable and benefits the communities living around the project.

Conclusion:

Green hydrogen production has the potential to be a clean and sustainable energy source. However, it is crucial to address the deforestation risks associated with its production to prevent it from becoming a false solution to the climate crisis. Careful planning, adoption of efficient technologies and inclusion of local communities are essential elements to ensure sustainable and responsible green hydrogen production.

Importantly, Amazon deforestation is not only related to green hydrogen production, but also to other activities such as mining, illegal logging, and urban expansion. Addressing this issue comprehensively requires concerted action by governments, businesses and communities to protect this vital ecosystem.