How to produce food in your home, healthy and toxic-free

Almost all processed foods sold in supermarkets contain herbicide or GMO residues. Babies are born with agricultural chemicals in their blood and then their mothers feed them toxins that cause cancer, tumors, birth defects and immunodeficiency.

For this and other reasons, we always recommend moving from the city to healthier and safer rural areas.
But of course, this is not always possible due to costs, procedures and obligations. However, even with these problems, you can start to ignore the electrical system:

How to build a farm in your house or apartment

Create a food production system in your small apartment. Indoor spaces commonly used for gardening can also be an escape from the GMOs and toxic chemicals flooding supermarkets.

Anywhere there is sunlight, near a window, on a small terrace or even in a room, you can grow vegetables, herbs and even fruit trees in pots.

The biggest concern is the use of shady spaces, such as utility rooms, closets and dressing rooms, workshops, storage rooms, bathrooms and unused kitchen counters.

You may never think of these places as usable areas for food production, but where there is space, there is potential for growth!

Of course, first check with an expert if the seeds you receive are genetically modified or contaminated.

Wheat that occupies only the top part of the refrigerator can sprout and produce between 900 grams and a kilo and a half per week, which can be eaten or squeezed.

There you can also grow mushrooms, make ginger beer, wine or kefir. You can easily prepare a compost bin on your balcony or sell worms as fishing bait! There are many possibilities for efficient use of space in urban areas, even in shadow areas.

Fresh food is produced in small spaces

If you're reading this article, you probably live in the city and don't have much space. If you're lucky, it will be the house next door, with a patio, or something even smaller: an apartment with a window that lets in sunlight.

Whether you have a terrace, a balcony, stairs, a garage, a storage room, windows or just a kitchen counter, you can use that space to grow food.

Below we detail what is possible so that you can try to put your ideas into practice, producing fresh food for you and your family even in very small spaces.

In most urban spaces, with enough creativity and commitment, it is possible to produce food to cover an important part of a family's nutritional needs.

You can even decide to specialize in a specific crop, such as fruits, mushrooms or vegetables, and this will be more than enough to cover your family's needs, and you will most likely have some left over to sell or exchange for other products.

If you have a terrace or balcony

The first thing you should do is consider what type of premises you can use for food production. If you have an outdoor patio and want to create a small garden in the ground or in containers (or pots), here are some important factors to take into account: Light and temperature.

Most gardening experts will advise you not to even consider growing vegetables unless you have at least 6 to 8 hours of direct sunlight a day, but in reality, there are many vegetables that can be grown in moderate conditions let alone in light conditions.

It is true that, for example, tomatoes, peppers, potatoes, cucumbers, eggplants, pumpkins and berries (strawberries, raspberries) should receive at least 4-5 hours of intense sunlight (preferably more). But if the lighting conditions are no better than the minimum, it is advisable to start with other foods such as smaller vegetables, or cherry tomatoes, which require less light for puberty. The same applies to peppers. In this case you can add some reflected light, fluorescent lights will also come in handy.

If there is not much light outside, you can grow beans, root vegetables, and leafy vegetables

These plants can grow well in partial shade, as can carrots, beets, and other root vegetables. Leafy greens such as lettuce, spinach, radishes, rhubarb, broccoli, and kale can be grown even in shady locations with some indirect light. Potatoes, herbs, onions and garlic can also be grown in partial shade, but will of course produce more if there is more sunlight.

Consider trying different vegetables first to see which grows best. Some crops may frustrate you, but others will reward you.

Area

If you have a large garden, you may even have a chicken coop or bee colony, both of which provide a constant supply of fresh eggs or honey. Chickens can live in cages or chicken coops with minimal space, either in the garden or on the porch. His excrement called chicken manure, it is a good fertilizer.

Chickens are mainly useful for laying eggs and their eggs are a renewable resource that provides balanced protein and good nutrition.

Hives can have even less horizontal space than chicken coops, require no sunlight, and require less effort than raising dogs. A colony of bees in a medium-sized hive can produce between 45 and 70 kg (two or three large barrels) of honey per season. If you have any left over, remember that many of these products are expensive and you can sell them or exchange them (along with the beeswax) for anything else you need.

Virtual

If the horizontal space available for food production is limited, don't be afraid to "think vertically": at home, chicken cages are often installed on vertical walls, and many small gardens successfully grow strawberries or tomatoes on them. hanging baskets on walls, eaves or beams.

There are also climbing plants, such as raspberries and rose hips, that can naturally grow vertically without taking up much horizontal space.

Luz

Full sun

It's the simplest thing: with it you can grow any type of food, including all types of fruits, berries and vegetables.
Your main limitation may be weather or space.

The light is dimmed

Leafy greens, beans, chickpeas, and root vegetables grow very well in partial shade.
If you get at least direct sunlight every day, you can try small fruits and vegetables like tomatoes.

low light

Mushrooms grow well in the shade and are expensive.

Darkness does not affect chicken coops or nests.

In your apartment, you can also take advantage of shady spots to grow mushrooms or wheatgrass, or as a place to ferment yogurt, kefir, sauerkraut, kimchi, ginger beer, or other foods, such as fermented products.