Uruguay: 95% clean energy in 2023

According to the Electricity Market Administration (ADME), clean energy in 2023 in Uruguay will come almost 95% from clean sources.

In less than 10 years, Uruguay has significantly reduced greenhouse gas emissions and electricity costs without government subsidies and at no additional cost to consumers. Currently, almost 94,5% of domestic electricity consumption comes from renewable energy sources.

Specifically, this proportion of clean energy is divided into: wind (39,6%), hydraulic (28,1%), biomass (9,3%), heat (7,8%) and solar energy (3,7%). %). The remaining proportion corresponds to what is imported from neighboring countries: 11,3% from Brazil and 0,2% from Argentina.

This achievement is an important milestone for Uruguay, which is at the head of the region in terms of electricity generation from renewable energies. In addition, it contributes to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and the improvement of air quality.

Specifically, this year Uruguay produced 10.700,4 gigawatts/hour (GWh); One GWh is equivalent to one billion watts per hour. In comparison, the country imported a total of 1.389,4 GWh from Argentina and Brazil.

In contrast, in 2023 Uruguay exported 17,3 GWh (7,5%) to Brazil and 213,6 GWh (92,5%) to Argentina, for a total of 230,9 GWh.

Uruguay, leader in clean energy in 2023, focuses on green hydrogen

According to the latest international conference on renewable energy, held at the end of February in Madrid, among the special guests was Uruguay, the second country in the world with a variable proportion of renewable energy sources (such as solar and wind) in electricity production according to the REN21 report.

"Europe is very confused on energy matters and sees the example of Uruguay as a very strong model to follow"said physicist Ramón Mendes, national energy director of Uruguay from 2008 to 2015, after the particularities of the process that has allowed Uruguay's energy matrix to be more than 95% decarbonized in less than ten years were revealed in Madrid. .

Mendes recalls that without raw materials such as gas, oil or coal, Uruguay experienced a “perfect storm” in 2008 due to rising fuel prices, growing demand for electricity and limited local infrastructure, which led to a crisis of energy supply. “The fact that we did not have enough resources helped us look for other alternatives"He explains.

Clean energies in 2023

The increase in the participation of renewable energy in Uruguay's electrical matrix is ​​due to a series of factors, including:

  • The country's energy policy, which promotes the development of renewable energies.
  • Investments made in the renewable energy sector.
  • The natural conditions of Uruguay, which are favorable for the generation of hydraulic and wind energy.

Just 15 years ago, 27% of the country's spending on imports was due to oil. This demonstrates that it is possible to achieve a sustainable and clean energy system, without compromising economic growth.


With information of: https://www.theguardian.com/