The problem of environmental pollution

As is well known, in the last 150 years the planet has changed the natural structure of its atmosphere and hydrosphere more than in all the time, millions of years, that it has existed. Drastic changes and very strict rules are needed. We must actively participate in the creation of laws and regulations that have a beneficial impact on the environment, our health and the economy to stop environmental pollution.

With the problems we face today, political, economic, social and even sports problems, we leave aside one with which we have closest contact, the problem of pollution, a problem that we create and increase constantly. gradually every day.

We know that it is easy and often useless to fall into the endless list of environmental problems and catastrophes that our planet endures. Describing calamities is not pleasant, neither for the person who tells them, nor for the person who listens to them, but only information and awareness can correct wrong situations and mitigate their consequences.

Environmental pollution is considered to be the presence in the environment of one or more pollutants in quantities greater than the limits tolerated by humans, combined in such a way that to a greater or lesser extent they cause an ecological imbalance and damage health and well-being. of the man.

Environmental pollution and development

Environmental pollution generally originates as a consequence of the uncontrolled growth and development of population, tourist and industrial centers, with the corresponding increase in sources of pollution, the deterioration of natural resources and the impact of some phenomena of the same type, such as volcanic eruptions, dust devils, toxic leaks, among other problems.

As man's power over nature increases and new needs appear as a consequence of life in society, the environment around him deteriorates more and more. The social behavior of man, which led him to communicate through language, which later formed human culture, allowed him to differentiate himself from other living beings. But while they adapt to the environment to survive, man adapts and modifies that same environment according to his needs.

Technological progress, on the one hand, and accelerated demographic growth, on the other, produce changes in the environment, in some cases even threatening the biological balance of the Earth. It is not that there is an absolute incompatibility between technological development, the advancement of civilization and the maintenance of ecological balance, but it is important that man knows how to harmonize them. To do this, it is necessary for him to protect renewable and non-renewable resources and to become aware that environmental sanitation is essential for life on the planet.

Environmental pollution in Argentina

In general, environmental pollution in Argentina is greater than what could be expected in a country with so much environmental legislation. This is a product of the fragmentation of the different actors, whether municipal, provincial or national, a confusing environmental situation has arisen that allows irresponsible attitudes. In our country, analysis and monitoring of the environment is practically non-existent in the case of most pollutants. As a result, there is no adequate basis on how to make informed decisions about environmental pollution management.

A pollutant is any matter, substance or their combinations, compounds or chemical or biological derivatives, fumes, gases, dusts, ashes, bacteria, residues and waste, as well as forms of energy such as heat, radioactivity and noise that, when come into contact with air, water or soil, alter or modify its composition and natural conditions.

The main contaminated media are air, water and soil:

The air:

In large cities, air pollution is due to gas leaks from combustion engines, domestic heating appliances, and industries that are released into the atmosphere, either as gases, vapors or particles. solids capable of remaining in suspension, with values ​​higher than normal, harm the life and health of both humans and animals and plants.

This layer (the atmosphere) absorbs the greatest amount of solar radiation and because of this, the filtration of all ultraviolet rays occurs.

The increase in carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is due to the combustion of coal and oil, which leads to overheating of the air and seas, which produces a chemical imbalance in the earth, producing a high amount of monoxide. of carbon, extremely toxic to living beings.

Air pollution comes mainly from industrial combustion pollution, and the main causes are electricity generation and automobiles. There are also other toxic substances that pollute the atmosphere such as lead and mercury. It is important that city residents become aware that the ecological environment is a primary need. Legislation should be made on the substances that can go into the atmosphere and the concentration that should not be exceeded.

Polluted air affects us in our daily lives, manifesting itself in different ways in our body, such as eye irritation and disorders in the connective membranes, irritation in the respiratory tract and aggravation of broncho-pulmonary diseases.


The natural sources of water we have are: rainwater, rivers, lakes, seas and groundwater. It is found in many very hard rocks and stones and also in the atmosphere in the form of clouds or fogs.

Man has always dumped his waste into the waters. Under normal conditions, rivers can purify themselves: the waters drag waste towards the oceans, bacteria use the oxygen dissolved in the waters and degrade organic compounds, which in turn are consumed by fish and aquatic plants, returning the oxygen and carbon to the biosphere.

But as humanity progressed, this became increasingly difficult. Industries concentrate thousands and thousands of people in their surroundings, as we can see in the Greater Buenos Aires area. Many times the systems are saturated with waste, and industries dump products that cannot be degraded by bacteria. All of this causes the oxygen content to decrease drastically, and the river no longer has the capacity to sustain life in it, turning it into a sewer for several kilometers. Your danger increases if you move slowly.

Another danger is thermal pollution. Large power plants use water as a coolant, this causes the waters of the rivers to raise their temperature, causing changes in biological processes and, therefore, destroying the life existing in them.

Water is a vital element for food, which is why it requires greater hygiene. There are demands that are being less and less satisfied due to pollution, which reduces the quantity and quality of water available, as well as its natural sources.


Land use is another characteristic of human intervention in the environment, from the reservation of spaces for exclusive use, such as in cities, industry, communications or agriculture, to its general degradation through pollution. colloidal, due to acid rain or the use of nitrogenous chemical fertilizers in agriculture. In agriculture, the cultivation of a single species causes it to lose the nutrients necessary for its growth, and also hinders the development of other species, thereby reducing the variety of plants.

Furthermore, deforestation and fires favor soil loss, especially if it is inherited from old ecological conditions, in an irrecoverable manner. Soil erosion, to which it is subjected due to the disappearance of the vegetation cover, is widespread throughout the world, but especially in ecological transit regions.

The establishment of a comprehensive environmental control program would fill a critical need in this regard. More interdisciplinary studies and surveys are needed to establish the population that is exposed to the risk of various forms of environmental pollution and the current level of threat to health and safety as a result of pollutants.


In the last 150 years, the planet has changed the natural structure of its atmosphere and hydrosphere more than in all the time, millions of years, that it has existed. For this reason, adequate protection and conservation of the environment represents one of the most important challenges facing humanity.

It is clear that drastic changes and very strict regulations are needed if the quality of life on the planet is to be preserved. As members of society we must actively participate in the creation of laws and regulations that have a beneficial impact on the environment, our health and the economy.

The solutions to the problem of pollution are closer than one thinks, since it is possible in our daily lives to contribute with simple activities to improve our environment, such as, for example, consuming non-polluting products, reducing car use, separating recyclable waste at home, creating green spaces, among other measures. It is precisely here where the fact of thinking globally, but acting locally, is most categorically manifested.

By Cristian Frers
Higher Technician in Environmental Management and Higher Technician in Social Communication

2 comments on “The problem of environmental pollution”

  1. This is Abra Pampa in the Puna Jujeña, condemned by the capitalist greed of businessmen and mining companies, an environmental disaster that still has no culprits or culprits, but that thousands of inhabitants suffer from. This article from a newspaper confirms the existence of a powerful one that intimates the existing being of the place as the garbage of environmental colonialism. The thing is that the inhabitant has neither voice nor vote, nor does he enjoy the protection of the laws of the National Constitution. He is considered the slave, the idiot, the make-me-laugh, lousy, full of diseases: seizures, dizziness, vomiting, paralysis, dementia and neurological deterioration. The objective of the powerful is to depress the native, diminish, disintegrate, crush and make invisible. Just because of the monetary importance of the natural resources that exist in the ancient territory. Finally, he contributes to the desertification of the Puna through chemical pollution and mining operations. On the basis of this, he despises the lives of its inhabitants and worries about the decrease in birth rates; and, with sagacity and cunning he rubs shoulders with the corrupt and unhealthy, and he can cover up this illegal act. Then there is someone responsible who ignores the laws to safeguard life such as Art. 41 of the National Constitution... they enjoy the right to a healthy, balanced environment... and law 26061 of comprehensive protection of the rights of girls, boys, adolescents , family. This powerful man has a first and last name and is called Jujuy Provincial State and under his mantle parade the cover-ups who are members of the provincial executive, judicial and legislative powers, also national deputies for Jujuy and senators, and other public officials of the nation and the province. from Jujuy.

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