How to reduce household waste

How to reduce the negative environmental impact of the waste we produce when we eat, shop, clean the house or wash ourselves. 60 points in which we can take care of the environment through our daily consumption habits.

1. When choosing between similar products, choose the one that has less packaging and packaging. Avoid consuming excessively packaged products. Keep in mind that you also pay for these packaging, sometimes the price of the packaging exceeds that of the product.

2. As a general rule, cardboard or paper packaging and glass containers are the least harmful. Don't forget it when having to choose between products.

3. When you go shopping, don't forget to take your shopping cart or canvas or mesh bag. Ultimately, reuse the bags you've already been given. Reject bags you don't need, even if they insist on giving them to you.

4. Insist that the salesperson not wrap the items you have purchased, unless it is essential.

5. Family-sized products, whatever they are, generate less waste per unit of product. Keep that in mind.

6. Before buying something, pay attention to the customer labeled, which warns of some risks and precautions to take, but not all the dangers!

7. It is necessary, especially in relation to paper and cardboard, that we put into practice the rule of the three Rs: Reduce, Reuse and Recycle. Let's avoid the unnecessary consumption of paper and cardboard, let's reuse the paper and cardboard we have for other uses and, only when it no longer serves any purpose at all, will we have to take it to a recycling container.

8. Reject the advertising they offer you on the street or invade your mailbox. Sign up for the so-called "Robinsón List", so that its associated companies do not send you advertising by mail, by writing to the Direct Marketing Association.

9. Papers that are impossible or difficult to recycle (plasticized, waxed, fax, etc.) should only be used when there is no other less impactful possibility.

10. The saying "cheap is expensive" is useful on many occasions. From shoes to home appliances, choose those that will last the longest and that can be repaired in case of breakdown or breakage... and have them repaired when necessary!

11. Deliver expired medications or medications that you no longer need at the pharmacy.

How to reduce waste in food

12. Whenever you can, buy food produced as close as possible to your location. You will save packaging and transportation.

13. When possible, buy in bulk. This way you avoid unnecessary packaging and decide the quantity of the product that best suits your needs.

14. Outright reject foods presented on white cork trays.

15. In many places the tap water is of good quality, do not unnecessarily consume bottled water.

16. For drinks and liquids, opt for large containers and, when possible, glass; If it is returnable, the better.

17. Avoid "brics" and plastic containers as much as possible.

18. Don't buy anything that comes bottled in PVC.

19. Don't consume "boats" of drinks, buy reusable glass bottles.

20. Reject foods that come in "individual bags" inside a larger package.

21. Declare war on "designer foods": They are not nutritionally good and usually come overpackaged.

22. Buy fresh foods, in addition to avoiding wrappers and containers, your health, your palate and your pocketbook will thank you.

23. Sometimes packaging (plastics, cans, tetrabrics...) indicate that they are "recyclable", that only means that they could be recycled, not that they will be.

24. Do not use aluminum foil and "plastic wrap" without rhyme or reason. When you can, reuse them.

25. Avoid "microwave ready" food as much as possible.

How to reduce cleaning waste

26. Use detergents without phosphates or surfactants.

27. "Refillable" detergents reduce packaging impacts.

28. Cleanliness and "whiteness" are not improved by using more detergent than the minimum necessary.

29. For cleaning many surfaces and fabrics, natural or neutral soaps give optimal results.

30. Fabric softeners are very impactful, they reduce the life of clothing and can affect the skin. Do not use them or use them only occasionally.

31. Vinegar serves as a detergent, floor cleaner, color fixer for woolen garments and degreaser.

32. Baking soda and borax are universal detergents and are used to whiten laundry.

33. Avoid buying air fresheners. It is best to ventilate the rooms and, if necessary, place aromatic plants, "potpourris" or essential oil vaporizers.

How to reduce waste in toiletries and cosmetics

34. Reject overpackaging. Packaging usually represents more than half the price and is a large source of waste of all kinds.

35. Choose stick presentations (deodorant, shaving cream...) and manual sprayers.

36. Pads and tampons should never end up in the toilet, much less thrown away in the field or on the beach!

37. For hair, use mild herbal-based shampoos or neutral soaps.

38. Do not use anti-dandruff based on selenium sulfide.

39. For skin care, use natural or neutral soaps, they are generally healthier. But don't buy liquid soap, but in bars.

40. To clean your teeth, use gel based on medicinal plants or, even better, dental perborate.

How to reduce waste in DIY

41. Be informed and calculate well the amount you need, you will avoid waste and generate unnecessary waste. Jars and cans of paints, varnishes and other DIY products are difficult and problematic to preserve once opened.

42. Water-based paints are much less toxic and polluting. Currently they are available for almost all types of applications.

43. Aerosols waste a lot of product.

44. Whenever you can, apply products with a brush or similar.

45. If it is essential, use mechanical guns or sprayers, but never aerosols.

46. ​​Take the waste from these products, including those from cleaning brushes and brushes, from sanding treated surfaces, etc., to "clean spots."

How to reduce waste in batteries

47. If you can avoid it, do not use battery-powered devices. Watches better be automatic and solar calculators.

48. Plug in mixed devices (batteries and mains) whenever you can. Keep in mind that battery power costs up to 450 times more than that supplied by the grid.

49. Use rechargeable batteries. They cost more but in the medium term they are much more profitable.

50. Avoid button batteries and, if you have to buy them, choose lithium, zinc-air or silver oxide, which have no or very little mercury.

51. To dispose of batteries, always deposit them in containers and collection points.

How to reduce insecticide and herbicide residues

52. Never use aerosols for these tasks either, in any case sprayers.

53. For pests on your home plants there are many specific home remedies that are much more effective than generic insecticides. Turn to popular wisdom.

54. Half a lemon with cloves inserted or a few pots of basil in the windows are effective insect repellents.

55. Insect repellents rubbed on your body can cause skin problems and other health problems. It is better to rub yourself with reduced vinegar or, if you prefer, lemon and lavender essential oil mixed with cooking oil.

How to reduce waste in clothes

56. Remember that natural fabrics (wool, cotton, linen...) are much easier to recycle and less polluting, both in their production and in their conversion into waste, than synthetic ones.

57. Buy second-hand clothes.

58. Don't throw away clothes or shoes that are in good condition simply because they are "no longer in style."

59. Clothes that no longer fit you may come in handy for other people. Give it as a gift or give it to charities.

60. Reuse your useless clothes for other uses, such as kitchen cloths or a thousand other things that can be done with scraps.
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