What are Smart Cities?

"Smart cities" are those that use information and communications technology (ICT) to improve operational efficiency, sustainability, the quality of life of citizens and the interaction between the government and residents. . These cities take advantage of the information generated by sensors, devices and systems to make more informed decisions and offer services more effectively.

Some of the key elements of a smart city include:

  1. Sensors and connected devices: Sensors are installed in different parts of the city to collect real-time data on various aspects such as traffic, air quality, energy consumption, etc.
  2. Communication networks: A robust communication infrastructure, such as fiber optic networks or wireless technologies, allows efficient transmission of data between different devices and systems.
  3. Data management platforms: Systems are used to collect, store and analyze large amounts of data generated by sensors, providing valuable information for decision making.
  4. Efficient resource management: Smart cities seek to use resources more efficiently, whether energy, water, transportation, etc. This may include smart lighting systems, efficient electrical grids, traffic management, among others.
  5. Citizen participation: The active participation of citizens is encouraged through technology, allowing them to contribute information, receive notifications and participate in decision-making through digital platforms.
  6. Electronic government: Use of technologies to improve the efficiency of government services, such as citizen service, permit and license management, among others.
  7. Sustainable development: The implementation of technologies seeks to improve environmental sustainability and reduce the environmental impact of the city.

Smart cities seek to address urban challenges by harnessing technology to create more efficient, sustainable and comfortable environments for their inhabitants. The successful implementation of these technologies requires close collaboration between the public and private sectors, as well as active community participation.

Goals for Smart Cities

By 2050, it is expected that the 70% of the world's population lives in cities. This reality means that in the coming decades urban centers will face more and more related problems, such as:

  • Energy sources
  • Emissions of CO2.
  • Traffic planning.
  • Supply of goods and raw materials.

Provide health and safety services to all residents of these large, dense population centers.
The ideal smart city model is mainly based on the following subsystems:

Distributed generation.
It includes smart cities in which electricity generation is distributed throughout the territory through individual supplies (microgeneration) instead of being centralized.

Intelligent Network.
These interconnected smart networks are called smart grids and allow bidirectional data flow between the service center (or control center) and users.

Smart Metering
It is the intelligent measurement of the energy consumption data of each user using a rangefinder, the data is read remotely and in real time.

Smart buildings
Smart urban buildings are becoming smart as a model of efficiency.
Home automation buildings respect the environment and have integrated energy production systems.
Smart Sensors Smart sensors are designed to collect all the data necessary to make a city smart.
They are an essential part of keeping the city connected and informed and ensuring that each subsystem fulfills its function.

Introduce Power Plants and associated public and private charging stations.

Information and communications technologies (ICT).
These are information technologies that help control the different subsystems that make up a smart city.
Through them, people and administrative units can actively participate in the management of the city.

Smart Citizens
Citizens are undoubtedly a fundamental part of a smart city because without their active participation these initiatives would not be possible.

Can a modern city become a smart city?

The smart city concept not only focuses on new urban development projects, but also aims to convert existing cities into smart cities.

These ongoing projects are included in the Treaty on European Union 20-20-20, which establishes a series of objectives to be achieved by 2020:

Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions decreased by 20%.

Energy consumption will be reduced by 20% thanks to improved energy efficiency.

20% of electricity production will come from renewable energy sources.

Reconstruction and adaptation projects with new technologies are currently being implemented in both large cities and small urban areas, thanks to which "smart cities" are becoming a reality.