A black rhinoceros is born, one of the rarest mammals in the world

According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), the black rhinoceros is one of the rarest mammals and is critically endangered.

The conservation status of one of the world's two most exotic rhino species, the black rhino, is of great concern.

Although they once lived in the wild and in many parts of Africa as well as Eurasia, their numbers have declined over the years to the point that they are now under control: the black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis michaeli) is under serious threat.

Their population continues to decline dramatically due to habitat loss and poaching. These threats are largely caused by human activities.

Rhino horn is prized in some cultures for its supposed medicinal properties and as a status symbol, and the illegal trade continues despite international bans.

Additionally, agricultural expansion, infrastructure development, and changes in land use have led to a significant decline in rhino habitat. With less room to move, eating their populations become fragmented, damaging their genetic diversity and resilience.

Buenas noticias

Chester Zoo in England recently announced that Zuri, one of the zoo's female eastern black rhinos, gave birth on November 12 - after 15 months of pregnancy - and thanks to the luck of her keepers they were able to capture this moment in video.

Its birth, a perfectly healthy, well-fed and curious calf - although it does not yet have a name - will help prevent the extinction of this critically endangered species.

This species is at very high risk of extinction in the wild. According to the world wildlife agency, fewer than 600 individuals have been found in Kenya, Tanzania and Rwanda. This is sad news because many years ago the number of black rhinos in the wild reached tens of thousands.

The rhino was born at 2:45 p.m., allowing keepers to monitor the birth using cameras within the rhino habitat. It is a strange time for this animal to be born, but it offers him the opportunity to become immortal.

“We had been anxiously awaiting this birth for 15 long months and, as it is quite unusual for rhinos to give birth during the day, we did not expect it to happen in front of us, in broad daylight.” Emma Evison, head of the Rhino team at the zoo of Chester, explained in a press release.

"Witnessing the birth of this calf before our eyes was the most amazing privilege”. "Unfortunately, this species has been poached for its horns and sold in illegal markets for over a century."Evison said.

"The arrival of this precious mammal is another positive step in the conservation of species, which is the objective of the European program for breeding endangered species in zoos, in which we are the main participants".

How many species of black rhino are there?

The eastern black rhinoceros is one of five subspecies of the black rhinoceros (some of which are now extinct due to poaching and habitat loss). It comes from East Africa and as we have pointed out, it is mainly found in Kenya, Rwanda and Tanzania.

It differs greatly from other subspecies of black rhinoceros in that it has a long, pointed and prehensile upper lip, which it uses to grasp leaves and branches when searching for food. Despite its name, it is actually not black but dark gray. The term "black" was introduced to distinguish it from the white rhinoceros, which is also not white but light gray.

September 22 is World Rhino Day

In September 2023, the Kenyan government announced a new plan to protect rhinos blacks, which included expanding wildlife reserves and relocating some specimens to ensure genetic diversity "so as not to lose a single rhino." Kenya's program will run until 2026 and aims to maintain the growth of the species and reduce its mortality.

Zookeepers film the birth as a critically endangered eastern black rhino calf is welcomed into the world Chester Zoo UK Press Release 2023

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