Today is World Shorebird Day

September 6 is a special date, World Shorebird Day is commemorated, a day dedicated to raising awareness about the importance and conservation of these birds that travel around the world.

Why is World Shorebird Day celebrated?

The main objective of World Shorebird Day is to promote research and monitoring of these birds, highlighting the importance of their conservation at a global level.

To ensure the preservation of the various species, it is crucial to protect both the habitat and the migratory routes of these birds. In recent decades, shorebird populations have declined significantly, further highlighting the importance of taking measures for their conservation.

Shorebirds: peculiar travelers

Shorebirds are aquatic and migratory birds of the order Charadriiformes that are found in various habitats, such as dunes, sandy beaches, coastal and inland wetlands, and grasslands. Unfortunately, some of these spaces have been affected by different factors.

  • Environmental pollution.
  • Vehicles can disturb habitat and cause stress to birds that are breeding or nesting in these areas.
  • Disrespectful recreational activities.
  • Stalking other animals to the nests.
common gannet

Shorebirds are known for their ability to make long migrations, coming from various parts of the world. These birds normally make two migratory movements a year: in autumn they move south to reach their wintering areas and in spring they go north for the breeding season.

Currently, it is estimated that there are around 217 species of migratory and resident birds. These birds stand out for their diversity in shape and size, which makes them one of the most varied groups. In addition to their beauty and uniqueness, these birds play an important role as indicators of environmental changes. Their presence or absence can provide valuable information about the state of the ecosystem in which they inhabit.

Birds have a number of distinctive physical characteristics:

  • Long fingers, which give it stability and balance on soft substrates.
  • Long, thin legs, for walking in sand, mud and shallow water.
  • Elongated peaks, to search for food in the mud and water.
  • Spotted plumage, which allows them to camouflage and hide from predators. With long primary feathers for flying at high speed.

Shorebirds have different breeding and nesting periods depending on the species to which they belong. Most of these species do not live near the coast, but in other types of habitats. Furthermore, many of them are migratory birds They travel great distances during their travels.

Some species of shorebirds

Below, we present some of the best-known species of shorebirds:

  • Sandpiper (Calidris canutus)
  • Semipalmated sandpiper (calidris pusilla)
  • american oystercatcher (haematopus palliatus)
  • red knot (Calidris canutus roselaari)
  • White Sandpiper (calidris alba)
  • common gull (larus canus)
  • Pacific Gull (larus pacificus)
  • common gannet (morus bassanus)

With information of: