November 29, International Jaguar Day

International Jaguar Day, one of the most emblematic felines in America, arises from a common initiative of some countries where this feline lives. The day was set at COP14 (Convention on Biological Diversity) under the auspices of the United Nations in 2018. In Argentina it is celebrated as World Yaguareté Day.

International Jaguar Day is recognized by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), World Wildlife Organization (WWF), Wildlife Protection Society (WCS), Panther and some government representatives. Latin Americans.

What is the celebration of International Jaguar Day due to?

The purpose of International Jaguar Day is to raise awareness about the threats faced by cats, conservation efforts to ensure their survival and their essential role as a key species whose presence indicates a healthy ecosystem. The Jaguars (Panthera onca) are at the top of the food chain and are the largest terrestrial predators in the Americas.

"On this day it is expected that people recognize the fundamental role that the jaguar plays in the maintenance of natural ecosystems.".

The Jaguar plan for 2030

The celebration is part of the Jaguar Plan 2030: a regional plan to protect the continent's largest cat and its ecosystems, a global commitment to save the jaguar.

The Jaguar 2030 Plan aims to strengthen the so-called Jaguar Corridor, which extends from the south of the United States to the north of Argentina, where it lives in the provinces of Salta, Jujuy, Chaco and Missions, and proposes to protect 30 fundamental landscapes to protect the species.

International Jaguar Day

What threats do jaguars face?

The jaguar is the largest cat in America and the third largest in the world. The population of this species is declining due to illegal hunting, as well as habitat loss and fragmentation. In El Salvador and Uruguay this species is already extinct.

While international organizations try to protect it, some individuals try to survive by adapting to new ecosystems. Such is the case with a thriving population of jaguars living on a small, virgin island off the coast of the Brazilian Amazon that has learned to fish in the sea to survive, conservationists have discovered.

The Yaguareté in Argentina

His scientific name is Panthera onca, but in Argentina its most common name is yaguareté, which means "truly wild" in Guaraní; although depending on the province it is also known as overo, pintail, tigre, uturunko, tiog and kiyok. In the rest of the world it is called a jaguar.

In Argentina, the jaguar has the highest level of species protection: in 2001 it was declared a national natural monument and also a provincial natural monument in several provinces in the north of the country. Its current status indicates that it is in critical danger of extinction according to the classification of the Argentine Society for the Study of Mammals (SAREM) in the Argentine Red List of Threatened Mammals.

According to data provided by the government in 2019, for historical reasons such as poaching, environmental degradation and lack of natural prey, around 250 individuals live in Argentina.

According to WWF, predatory cats are found in 18 countries in the Americas, but 50% of the species' original range has been lost and their populations are declining due to illegal hunting, as well as the loss and fragmentation of their habitat. .

In Argentina, most of them have taken refuge in the forests of Salta and Jujuy, where there is practically no human activity; others live in the jungle of Misiones and very few in the Chaco region. To protect it, national parks, researchers and various NGOs carry out activities in national and provincial parks and reserves.

Remember that you can take part by carrying out a campaign on social networks sharing this information about International Jaguar Day.
Don't forget to tag it with hashtags #InternationalJaguarDay #WorldJaguarDay.

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