COP28: The good, the bad and the forgotten

COP28, held in Dubai in December 2023, was an important milestone in the fight against climate change. The summit results were a step in the right direction, but there is still much to do to limit global warming to 1,5°C.

One of the most important outcomes of COP28 was the commitment of participating countries to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions by 43% by 2030 and 60% by 2035, relative to 2019 levels. This commitment is significantly more ambitious than previous objectives, and if met, it will bring us a little closer to the 1,5 ºC goal.

Another important outcome of COP28 was the explicit recognition of the need to reduce dependence on Fossil fuels. The final agreement of the summit notes that "the transition towards a sustainable energy system based on renewable energy is essential to achieve climate goals." This recognition is an important step forward, since fossil fuels are one of the main sources of greenhouse gases.

However, there were also some disappointing results from COP28. For example, no agreement was reached on financing climate change adaptation, which is an essential issue for countries most vulnerable to the effects of climate change. Furthermore, the summit's final agreement was not ambitious enough in terms of reducing emissions of methane, a highly potent greenhouse gas.

Overall, the results of COP28 are a step forward in the fight against climate change, But there's still a lot to do. It is necessary for the participating countries to fulfill their commitments and to make progress in negotiating more ambitious agreements in the upcoming summits.

The results of COP28 are a sign that the international community is taking climate change more seriously. However, I also think it is important to be realistic and recognize that the challenges we face are enormous. Climate change is a complex problem that requires a coordinated global response. All sectors of society, from governments to businesses and citizens, need to work together to address this challenge.

What COP28 left us

  • The commitment to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions by 43% by 2030 and 60% by 2035 is a significant step forward, but there is still much to do. To meet this commitment, participating countries will need to accelerate the transition to renewable energy, improve energy efficiency and reduce emissions in the agriculture, industry and waste sectors.
  • Explicit recognition of the need to reduce dependence on fossil fuels is an important step forward, as fossil fuels are a major source of greenhouse gases. However, it is important that this recognition be translated into concrete actions. Participating countries must take measures to accelerate the transition towards a sustainable energy system based on renewable energy.
  • The lack of agreement on financing climate change adaptation is a disappointing result. Adaptation is essential to help countries most vulnerable to the effects of climate change. Developed countries must fulfill their commitment to provide $100.000 billion annually in financing for climate change adaptation.
  • The final summit agreement was not ambitious enough in terms of reducing methane emissions. Methane is a highly potent greenhouse gas that has a significant impact on global warming. Participating countries must agree on more ambitious targets for reducing methane emissions at upcoming summits.

Overall, the results of COP28 are a step forward in the fight against climate change, but there is still much to do. It is necessary for the participating countries to fulfill their commitments and to make progress in negotiating more ambitious agreements in the upcoming summits.

Some specific areas where more action is needed:

  • Development and deployment of renewable energies: Participating countries must accelerate the development and deployment of renewable energy, such as solar energy, wind energy and hydropower. These energies are a clean and sustainable energy source that can help reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
  • Energy efficiency: Participating countries must improve energy efficiency in the residential, commercial and industrial sectors. This can be done by implementing measures such as installing insulation in buildings, improving the efficiency of electrical equipment and reducing energy waste.
  • Reduction of emissions in the agriculture, industry and waste sectors: Participating countries must take measures to reduce emissions in the agriculture, industry and waste sectors. This can be done by implementing more sustainable agricultural practices, improving the efficiency of industrial processes and reducing waste generation.

Participating countries must work together to address these challenges and meet the climate goals agreed at COP28.