BIM, the technology that drives the cities of the future

The Spanish Network of Smart Cities (RECI) creates an implementation guide for Building Information Modeling for digital cities

Sustainable cities are urgently needed. Cities resilient to the adverse impacts of climate change, that identify and reduce the vulnerabilities of their population and increase adaptive capacity; that manage disaster risks, that integrate digital technologies into their networks, services and infrastructure. Cities, in short, more efficient and livable for the benefit of their inhabitants.

These cities are called smart cities (Smart cities), a concept towards which the AECO (Architecture, Engineering, Construction, Operations) sector has been firmly looking in recent times, and in which the innovative BIM (Building Information Modeling) technology plays a key role. Aware of this, the Spanish Network of Smart Cities (RECI) has just published a comprehensive guide to promote the implementation of Building Information Modeling in buildings and digital cities. BIM. Fundamentals for the digital city is the title of this document that contains information about the current context and the areas of application of this revolutionary methodology in the construction of the cities of the present and the future.

The RECI guide proposes a strategy for implementing BIM technology in the design of smart cities, and includes real experiences in this regard carried out by various institutions and entities, such as the City Councils of Madrid and Sant Feliu de Llobregat, or the Area Metropolitan of Barcelona.

BIM is increasingly a key requirement in the construction processes of buildings and civil works. As highlighted by Borja Sánchez Ortega, Project Director and Director of the International BIM Manager Master (+VR) of the specialized company Espacio BIM -www.espaciobim.com-, “BIM allows you to centralize all the information of a project (geometric, documentary , etc.) in a digital model developed by all the agents involved.”

This methodology in which more and more professionals in the AECO sector decide to specialize, seeking the best BIM master of the market among various training programs such as BIM master in civil engineering from the aforementioned consulting firm, is defined as the process of creating and managing information using three-dimensional models throughout the entire life cycle of a construction. The objective is to provide a reliable and collaborative database for all agents involved in the process. Because, as contemplated in the RECI guide, a construction project covers its entire life cycle in the design, construction and maintenance phases, so it is key to recognize the comprehensive impact on the configuration and development of cities.

Furthermore, the commitment to BIM brings great benefits in terms of the environment. This methodology allows energy and sustainability analyzes to be carried out in buildings, as well as storing data on water consumption facilities, identifying opportunities for energy savings, improving energy efficiency and reducing the environmental impact of buildings. The control of the carbon footprint, the collection of solar energy through virtual simulations or the control and management of water are processes in which BIM intervenes effectively and guarantees quality in the result.