10 tips to reduce energy consumption at home

Reducing energy consumption in the home has significant economic, environmental and social benefits. Promoting energy efficiency and adopting cleaner, more sustainable energy sources are important steps to address current energy and environmental challenges.

Reducing energy consumption at home is important for several reasons, including:

Economic savings: Consuming less energy at home can significantly reduce utility bills. Using energy more efficiently can lower costs in the long run, benefiting households by freeing up funds for other needs.

Environmental sustainability: Power generation often involves the burning of fossil fuels, which contributes to greenhouse gas emissions and climate change. Reducing energy consumption decreases the home's carbon footprint and helps mitigate climate change. Additionally, it can also help conserve natural resources, such as water and oil, used in energy generation.

Energy security: By reducing dependence on Fossil fuels and the electrical grid, households can improve their resilience to power outages and fluctuations in oil prices. Decentralized energy generation, through renewable sources such as solar energy, can also increase the energy independence of households.

Reducing air pollution: Consuming less energy at home reduces the amount of pollutants emitted by power plants and the burning of fossil fuels. This contributes to improving the air quality and to reduce health problems associated with air pollution.

Conservation of natural resources: Energy production often involves the exploitation of natural resources, such as oil, gas and coal. Reducing energy consumption contributes to the conservation of these finite resources and promotes long-term sustainability.

Regulatory Compliance: In many places, there are regulations and standards that require homes to reduce their energy consumption. Complying with these regulations can avoid sanctions and fines.

Power supply stability: Reducing energy consumption can also help stabilize the electrical grid by decreasing peak demand during times of high utilization. This can prevent blackouts and problems in electrical infrastructure.

Tips to reduce energy consumption at home

Home energy consumption accounts for a large share of total energy consumption in most countries. Therefore, it is important to take steps to reduce energy consumption at home.

1. Change your appliances

Older appliances are often less efficient than new ones. By replacing them with highly energy efficient models, you can save a significant amount of energy.

For example, an old refrigerator can consume up to twice as much energy as a highly energy efficient refrigerator. An older oven can consume up to 40% more energy than a highly energy efficient oven.

2. Avoid silent consumption

Many appliances, such as televisions, computers and chargers, continue to consume power even when in standby mode. Unplugging these devices when you are not using them will help you save energy.

According to the International Energy Agency, standby energy consumption can account for up to 10% of a home's total energy consumption.

3. Change the light bulbs

LED bulbs are much more efficient than incandescent or compact fluorescent bulbs. By replacing old light bulbs with LEDs, you can save up to 80% energy.

For example, a 100-watt LED bulb consumes the same amount of energy as a 15-watt incandescent bulb.

4. Hire your ideal rate and power

If you have the opportunity, compare the rates and powers available to find the one that best suits your needs.

For example, if you have a time-sensitive rate, you can take advantage of lower night rates to perform energy-intensive tasks, such as doing laundry or running the washing machine.

5. Use energy consumption apps

These apps can help you monitor your energy consumption and identify areas where you can save.

For example, the "My electricity bill" application of the National Markets and Competition Commission (CNMC) allows you to check your energy consumption and your electricity bill.

6. Maintain the right temperature

Don't turn up the heating too much in winter or turn down the air conditioning too much in summer. A small change in temperature can mean big energy savings.

For example, raising the heating from 22 to 23 degrees can mean a 10% increase in energy consumption.

7. Check your boiler

A well-maintained boiler is more efficient and consumes less energy.

For example, annual boiler maintenance can reduce energy consumption by up to 10%.

8. Avoid covering radiators

Radiator covers or any other element that obstructs heat output will make your house need more energy to heat up.

9. Take advantage of natural light

Open curtains and blinds during the day to take advantage of natural light and reduce the use of artificial lighting.

10. Turn off lights and appliances when you are not using them

It seems obvious, but we often forget to turn off lights or appliances when we leave a room or when we finish using them.

Additional tips

In addition to the tips above, here are some additional tips that can help you save energy at home:

  • Washes clothes with a full load.
  • Dry clothes outside when possible.
  • Take short showers.
  • Turn off the faucet when you brush your teeth or shave.
  • Install a motion sensor faucet in the sink.
  • Only use the dishwasher when it is full.
  • Install a smart thermostat.
  • Use smart light bulbs.

With a little effort, you can make a big difference in your energy consumption.