How to grow edible mushrooms at home? The best species

Growing edible mushrooms at home is a simple and rewarding activity that can be enjoyed by people of all ages. With a little planning and care, you can have your own fresh, tasty mushrooms in a matter of weeks.

Necessary materials

 Substratum: The substrate is the material in which the mushrooms will grow. It can be straw, sawdust, manure or any other organic material.

 Mycorrhizae: Mycorrhizae are beneficial fungi that help plants absorb nutrients. They can also be used to grow mushrooms.

 Containers: Containers can be cardboard boxes, plastic bags, or any other container that is large enough for the mushrooms to grow.

 Temperature: Mushrooms grow best in warm, humid temperatures. The ideal temperature is 20 to 25 degrees Celsius.

 Humidity: Mushrooms need a lot of moisture to grow. The substrate should be constantly moist, but not soaked.

Instructions to start growing edible mushrooms

1. Prepare the substrate. If you are using straw, sawdust, or manure, you should sterilize it to kill any harmful bacteria or fungi. You can do this by boiling the substrate for 30 minutes or in the microwave for 5 minutes.

2. Add the mycorrhizae. If you are using mycorrhizae, sprinkle a thin layer on the sterilized substrate.

3. Infects the substrate. You can buy mushroom mycelium at a garden store or online. Infect the substrate by sprinkling a thin layer of mycelium on the surface.

4. Place the substrate in the containers. Fill the containers with the infected substrate.

5. Place the containers in a dark, humid place. The ideal temperature is 20 to 25 degrees Celsius.

6. Wait for the mushrooms to grow. The mushrooms will take between 2 and 4 weeks to grow.

Crop Care

 Keep the substrate moist. Water the substrate regularly so that it is constantly moist, but not soggy.

 Keep the crop in a dark and humid place. Fungi need darkness and humidity to grow.

 Avoid drafts. Air currents can dry out the substrate and kill the fungi.

Harvest

The mushrooms will be ready to harvest when the caps are fully open. To harvest, cut the stems close to the substrate.

Tips

 Choose the right type of mushroom for your climate. Some mushrooms grow better in warm climates, while others grow better in cold climates.

 Experiment with different types of substrate. Different substrates can produce different types of fungi.

 Be patient. Mushrooms take time to grow.

What are the best edible mushrooms to grow at home?

  1. Mushrooms (Agaricus bisporus): The mushrooms They are perhaps the most common and easiest edible mushrooms to grow at home. They can grow in compost substrates and require relatively little space.
  2. Shiitake (Lentinula edodes): Shiitake are tasty and nutritious mushrooms grown on oak, ash or bamboo wood. They are popular in Asian cuisine and have a distinctive umami flavor.
  3. Oyster mushrooms (Pleurotus ostreatus): Oyster mushrooms are easy to grow and can thrive in a variety of substrates, such as straw, sawdust, and grain. They have a mild and pleasant flavor.
  4. Portobello (Agaricus bisporus var. portobellus): Portobellos are a mature variety of white button mushrooms and have a deeper, meatier flavor. They are great for grilling or stuffing.
  5. Enoki (Flammulina velutipes): Mushrooms enoki They have long, thin stems with small white caps. They are ideal for salads and noodle dishes.
  6. Maitake (Grifola frondosa): Also known as "crane dancing mushrooms," maitake have a mild flavor and are prized for their medicinal and culinary properties.
  7. Reishi (Ganoderma lucidum): Although not known for their flavor, reishi are valued for their health benefits. They are usually used to make infusions or extracts.
  8. Shimeji mushrooms (Hypsizygus tessellatus): Shimeji mushrooms have a mild, pleasant flavor and are popular in Asian cuisine. They can be grown in rice or oat substrates.

Remember that growing edible mushrooms at home requires care and attention, as well as creating appropriate humidity, temperature and ventilation conditions. Additionally, you should ensure that the mushrooms you choose to grow are safe for consumption and follow proper growing guidelines. It is always advisable to do further research and follow the specific instructions for the variety of mushroom you wish to grow.

With a little effort, you'll be enjoying your own edible mushrooms at home in no time.