How to promote healthy eating

Diet changes over time and is influenced by many socioeconomic factors that interact in complex ways, determining each individual's diet. These factors include income, food prices (which will affect the availability and affordability of healthy foods), personal preferences and beliefs, cultural practices, as well as geographic, management and environmental factors (including climate change).

Therefore, promoting a healthy food environment and, in particular, food systems that promote diverse, balanced and healthy diets requires the participation of multiple sectors and stakeholders, including government, the public sector and the private sector.

Governments play an important role in creating a healthy food environment that enables people to adopt and maintain healthy eating habits.

Funds can adopt standards to create a healthy food environment that include:

Harmonize national investment plans and policies, especially trade, food and agricultural policies to contribute to healthy eating and protecting public health through:

Increase incentives for manufacturers and retailers to develop, use and sell fresh fruits and vegetables;

Reduce stimuli for the food industry, allowing it to support or increase the production of products treated with high saturated fats, trans fats, free sugar and salt/sodium;

Dare to reform food products to reduce saturated fats, Trans fat, free sugar and salt/sodium to inhibit penetrating fats;

Apply food and alcohol recommendations to children;

Establish rules to promote healthy eating practices through available, nutritious, safe and cheap food in schools, schools and other state organizations, as well as at work;

Investigation of prescribed and voluntary tools (e.g., food marketing principles and standards) and economic incentives or restrictions (e.g., taxes and subsidies) to promote healthy diet regimen; AND

Encourage transnational, national and local food services as well as retail outlets to improve food quality, ensure available and available properties of healthy options, and display the rule and price of clicks.

Encourage consumers to require healthy foods and foods through vehicles for this purpose:

Promote consumer awareness of a healthy diet;

Develop policies and programs to encourage children to accept and maintain a healthy diet;

Provide knowledge about healthy diet and nutrition practice for children, adolescents and adults;

Promote culinary skills, including in children, through schools;

Specifically, provide information on points of sale, highlighting accurate, normal and easy-to-understand information on nutrients in food products (in accordance with the main principles of the Codex Food Committee), due to supplementation, appointment, appointment, facilitate consumer understanding; AND

Provide nutrient and food advice at leading healthcare facilities.

Promote good feeding practices for infants and young children through activities that:

implement the International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes and subsequent relevant resolutions of the World Health Assembly;

implement policies and practices that promote the protection of working mothers; AND

Promote, protect and support breastfeeding in health and social care, including through the Baby Friendly Hospitals initiative.

WHO response

The WHO global food strategy, physical activity and health (14) was adopted by the World Health Assembly in 2004. Calls on governments, WHO, international partners, the private sector and civil society to act at global, regional and local levels to promote healthy diets and physical activity.

In 2010, the World Health Assembly adopted a series of recommendations to promote non-alcoholic foods and beverages among children (15).

These recommendations provide guidance to countries as they develop new policies and improve existing policies to minimize the risk of children being exposed to unhealthy food advertising. Additionally, region-specific tools (such as regional nutrient profile models) have been developed that countries can use to implement marketing recommendations.

In 2012, the World Health Assembly adopted a comprehensive action plan on nutrition for mothers, infants and young children and six global goals to be achieved by 2025, including reducing stunting, wasting and overweight in children. , improve breastfeeding and reduce anemia and malnutrition.

In 2013, the World Health Assembly agreed on nine voluntary global goals to prevent and control noncommunicable diseases. These goals aim to halt the rise in diabetes and obesity and achieve a 30% relative reduction in salt intake by 2025.

The WHO Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of NCDs in Salt Intake 2013-2020 (10) provides guidance and policy options for Member States.

United States, WHO and other United Nations agencies to achieve these goals.

Due to the rapid increase in obesity among infants and children in many countries, in May 2014, WHO established the Commission on the Elimination of Childhood Obesity. In 2016, the Commission proposed a series of recommendations to effectively combat childhood and adolescent obesity in various settings around the world (16).

In November 2014, WHO and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) jointly organized the second International Conference on Nutrition.

The Conference adopted the Rome Declaration on Nutrition (17) and the Framework for Action (18), which propose a series of policy options and strategies to promote diverse, safe and healthy diets at every stage of life.

WHO is helping countries implement the commitments made at this Conference.

In May 2018, the Health Council approved the 13th General Work Program (GWP), which will guide WHO's work during the period 2019-2023. (19).

WSE identifies reducing salt/sodium intake and eliminating industrial trans fats from foods as part of WHO's priority actions to ensure the health and well-being of people of all ages.

To help Member States take the necessary steps to phase out industrially produced trans fats, WHO has developed an action plan (REPLACE package) to help countries accelerate its implementation.