12 toxic fruits and vegetables that you consume every day

The organization Environmental working group (EWG), known for being constant guardians of health and the environment, have released the eighth edition of their “Guide to Pesticides in Foods.” The study includes updated information on 45 fruits and vegetables that we consume daily, which are considered toxic due to the amount of pesticides they contain. The results compiled by EWG are based on pesticide residue analyzes conducted by the US Food and Drug Administration.

Every year, EWG brings to the fore the most toxic fruits and vegetables of the period. They are “The 12 most toxic” and also positively highlights “The 15 innocents”, which contain the lowest levels of pesticides. It is a brilliant and useful approach for consumers, who will be able to inform themselves and thus avoid the foods most contaminated with pesticides.

This year, in addition to the “12 most toxic”, they added the “Plus” category, which includes vegetables such as cabbage, which do not fit the criteria of “The 12 most toxic”. According to EWG, vegetables in this category have high levels of insecticides toxic to our nervous system that, although they have already been removed from the agronomic industry during the past decade, there are still plantations that continue to use these insecticides.

These are the fruits and vegetables on the list of “The 12 most toxic” ordered from most toxic to least, along with the fungicides, herbicides and insecticides used in each case.

Buying organic products is always better for the environment, but if your budget doesn't allow it, these options are less contaminated and aren't as big of a threat to your health.

1. Onion:

  • fungicides:
    • Aliette®
    • Antracol®
    • Folicur®
    • Scala®
    • Cupravit®
    • FUNGICIDE. Serenade® Soil
  • Insecticides:
    • Tracer
    • Acephate
    • Curacron
    • Seizer+ Agromectin
  • Herbicides:
    • Glyphosate
    • 2,4-D
    • paraquat

2. Sweet corn:

  • Insecticides:
    • Chlorpyrifos
    • Cypermethrin
    • Lambda-cyhalothrin
    • Emamectin Benzoate
  • fungicides:
    • Thiabendazole
    • Propiconazole
    • Tebuconazole
  • Herbicides:
    • Glyphosate
    • Atrazine
    • S-metolachlor

3. Pineapple:

  • Insecticides:
    • Chlorpyrifos
    • Ethyl parathion
    • Malathion
  • fungicides:
    • Benomyl
    • Iprodione
    • Thiabendazole
  • Herbicides:
    • Diuron
    • Simazine
    • paraquat

4. Avocado:

  • fungicides:
    • Kocide® 2000 O
    • mancozeb
    • Propiconazole
  • Insecticides:
    • spinosad
    • Abamectin
    • Chlorpyrifos
  • Herbicides:
    • Glyphosate
    • Simazine
    • Diuron

5. Cabbage:

  • Insecticides:
    • Bacillus thuringiensis
    • spinosad
    • Chlorpyrifos
  • fungicides:
    • mancozeb
    • Thiabendazole
    • Propiconazole
  • Herbicides:
    • Pendimethalin
    • Chlorothalon
    • Promethrin

6. Sweet Peas:

  • Insecticides:
    • Pyrethrins
    • spinosad
    • Emamectin Benzoate
  • fungicides:
    • mancozeb
    • Azinphos-methyl
    • Propiconazole
  • Herbicides:
    • Metribuzin
    • Bifenapacil
    • Chlorothalon

7. Asparagus:

  • Insecticides:
    • Chlorpyrifos
    • Cypermethrin
    • Lambda-cyhalothrin
  • fungicides:
    • Thiabendazole
    • Propiconazole
    • Tebuconazole
  • Herbicides:
    • Glyphosate
    • Diuron
    • Simazine

8. Handle:

  • Insecticides:
    • Chlorpyrifos
    • Malathion
    • Propoxur
  • fungicides:
    • mancozeb
    • Iprodione
    • Thiabendazole
  • Herbicides:
    • Glyphosate
    • Diuron
    • paraquat

9. Eggplant:

  • Insecticides:
    • Imidacloprid
    • spinosad
    • Emamectin Benzoate
  • fungicides:
    • Copper
    • mancozeb
    • Azinphos-methyl
  • Herbicides:
    • Pendimethalin
    • Chlorothalon
    • Promethrin

10. Kiwi:

  • Insecticides:
    • Chlorpyrifos
    • Cypermethrin
    • Lambda-cyhalothrin
  • fungicides:
    • Vinclozolin
    • Iprodione
    • Propiconazole
  • Herbicides:
    • Glyphosate
    • Diuron
    • Simazine

11. Melon:

  • Insecticides:
    • Chlorpyrifos
    • Abamectin
    • Emamect Benzoate

12. Potato:

  • Insecticides:
    • Imidacloprid
    • Chlorpyrifos
    • Lambda-cyhalothrin
  • fungicides:
    • mancozeb
    • Azinphos-methyl
    • Thiabendazole
  • Herbicides:
    • Diuron
    • Simazine
    • paraquat

13. Watermelon:

  • Insecticides:
    • Chlorpyrifos
    • Abamectin
    • Emamectin Benzoate
  • fungicides:
    • mancozeb
    • Azinphos-methyl
    • Propiconazole
  • Herbicides:
    • Pendimethalin
    • Chlorothalon
    • Promethrin

14. Mushrooms:

  • fungicides:
    • spinosad
    • Emamectin Benzoate
    • Chlorothalon
  • Insecticides:
    • Pyrethrins
    • acetamiprid
    • Tebuconazole
  • Nematicides:
    • Phosphamide
    • Abamectin

It is important to note that:

  • The list of pesticides is not exhaustive and may vary by region, country, and specific agricultural practices.
  • The use of pesticides is subject to regulations and controls by the competent authorities.
  • It is important to consume fruits and vegetables safely, following the recommendations of health authorities, such as washing them well before consuming them.

Other discouraging data from the report are:

• 98% of apples are considered toxic because they have high levels of pesticides.

• Blueberries tested positive for 42 different types of pesticides.

• 78 different pesticides were found in the lettuce samples.

• All nectarine samples that were tested by the Food and Drug Administration had levels of pesticides.

• Grapes have more types of pesticides than any other fruit: 64 different chemicals.

• 13 different pesticides were found in a single sample of celery. The same thing happened with strawberries.

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